In order to answer the question: “Do Organizations need a full time EA position” let’s first discuss what an Enterprise Architect is and what their roles and responsibilities are.
An Enterprise Architect is an individual that analyzes the business and leads an organization through change by designing a future operational model depicting the technology and processes needed to achieve the strategic goals. The Enterprise Architect is the bridge that joins business and IT.
The EA is responsible for architectural artifacts, standards and reviews that enforce consistency and drive the organization to their business goals and objectives. Checks and measures are created as a way to determine whether or not the organization is meeting the business goals and objectives once the designs are implemented. The Enterprise Architect brings forward innovation, risks and at the same time educates the executives. They ensure business and IT are in alignment and that there is a transparency between the two.
Keys for a successful EA position:
- An EA crosses both the business and technical areas of an organization and must report to the CEO to be successful.
- An EA does not need to know the business to be successful. They must have access to the full executive team in order to determine the executive strategic goals and objectives. It is the executive team that defines objectives, goals and success.
- The organization must be ready for change and have a team that supports the people throughout the movement towards the future operating model.
- A transformation governance structure must be in place to facilitate the movement towards the future operating model.
The Enterprise Architect is an essential position to drive an organization to their strategic goals and objectives and to position them to ensure they continue to meet them as they evolve over time. An EA does not participate in a day to day operational organization, their strength is business transformation.